Recycling and Waste Management in Russia
The importance of recycling and waste separation was addressed in the government National Project Ecology in 2018 with the aim to create a waste management system in the country for industrial and household waste and to solve uncomfortable ecological issues, which were not addressed in Russia for many years.
More than 90% of waste in Russia is brought to landfills. In total, about 70mn tons of waste are brought to landfills every year. In Russia there are a total of about 1000 municipal solid waste landfills, 5500 authorized landfills, and 17000 unauthorized landfills. Waste disposal sites cover 4 million hectares and grow by 10% annually. Most landfills are outdated and pose challenges to the environment and the surrounding population. Therefore, the Russian government established the Russian Ecological Operator (REO) in January 2019 to organize and develop an ecological industry within Russia. The Russian Ecological Operator has been equipped with a considerable budget to resolve ecological challenges in Russia.
By 2024, the project aims to reduce CO²-Emissons by 20% in industrial hubs, modernize the water supply system, and develop a recycling industry. The project has been divided into 11 national projects. By 2024, 200 landfills in the countryside and 75 landfills within cities are to be removed and renatured. Moreover the program foresees 200 new and modern facilities for incineration and waste sorting and 7 new treatment facilities for hazardous waste across the country.
For Russia’s transition towards a circular economy, we spotted 8 branches of the ecological industry that are crucial for the success of the transition: filtration, packaging, education, waste transport, sorting, reclamation, landfills, and special waste. These branches are particularly interesting for foreign businesses seeking a strong position in a growing market.